Solar























Roksna India is one of the leading turnkey – EPC players in the Indian PV solar industry. Large-scale grid connected solar power plants installed by us have generated industry high efficiency levels and continue to be the best performing plants in the country. With our in-house engineering and construction teams, we strive to leverage our technical experience and industry know-how to develop the most cost-effective and energy efficient PV solar plants in the industry. We provide complete end-to- end solutions including complete Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) services for our customers seeking to build solar power plants in India and beyond. Extremely quick project completion times and industry high generation levels are reflective of the high quality benchmarks set by Roksna India in India’s solar photovoltaic space. Solar PV plants executed by us consistently have the highest CUF (Capacity Utilization Factor) ratios in the country. Our world-class project management teams ensure we complete the project in the fastest possible time-period without compromising on quality. A quick glance over the monthly generation reports executed by Roksna India will reflect our high benchmarks in quality execution of solar PV projects.

We assist customers seeking to use solar power right from the planning stage through the entire operational life of the project. This includes providing our customers with a complete financial return and cash flow analysis of the solar power project including providing of advisory services that help customers navigate all government policy issues, land procurement issues, tax benefits, subsidies and regulatory approvals to successfully install Solar photovoltaic plants.

Grid-Tied, Off-Grid and Hybrid Solar Systems

What are the benefits of grid-connected solar panels vs. living off the grid? Deciding whether or not to grid-tie your solar panels is usually pretty straightforward – the clear-cut benefits of being grid-tied appeals to the majority of homeowners. There are, however, some people that choose to live off the grid.
What would be the best in your situation? Let`s look closer at the benefits and downsides of grid-tied, off-grid and hybrid solar systems.

Grid-Tied Solar Systems

Grid-tied, on-grid, utility-interactive, grid intertie and grid backfeeding are all terms used to describe the same concept – a solar system that is connected to the utility power grid.

Advantages of Grid-Tied Systems

1. Save more money with net metering
2. The utility grid is a virtual battery

Equipment for Grid-Tied Solar Systems

There are a few key differences between the equipment needed for grid-tied, off-grid and hybrid solar systems. Standard grid-tied solar systems rely on the following components:

  • Grid-Tie Inverter (GTI) or Micro-Inverters
  • Power Meter

  • Grid-Tie Inverter (GTI)

    What is the job of a solar inverter? They regulate the voltage and current received from your solar panels. Direct current (DC) from your solar panels is converted into alternating current (AC), which is the type of current that is utilized by the majority of electrical appliances. In addition to this, grid-tie inverters, also known as grid-interactive or synchronous inverters, synchronize the phase and frequency of the current to fit the utility grid (nominally 60Hz). The output voltage is also adjusted slightly higher than the grid voltage in order for excess electricity to flow outwards to the grid.

    Micro-Inverters

    Micro-inverters go on the back of each solar panel, as opposed to one central inverter that typically takes on the entire solar array. There has recently been a lot of debate on whether micro-inverters are better than central (string) inverters. Micro-inverters are certainly more expensive, but in many cases yield higher efficiency rates. Homeowners who are suspect to shading issues should definitely look into if micro-inverters are better in their situation.

    Power Meter

    Most homeowners will need to replace their current power meter with one that is compatible with net metering. This device, often called a net meter or a two-way meter, is capable of measuring power going in both directions, from the grid to your house and vice versa. You should consult with your local utility company and see what net metering options you have. In some places, the utility company issues a power meter for free and pay full price for the electricity you generate; however, this is not always the case.

    Off-Grid Solar Systems

    An off-grid solar system (off-the- grid, standalone) is the obvious alternative to one that is grid-tied. For homeowners that have access to the grid, off-grid solar systems are usually out of question. Here`s why:
    To ensure access to electricity at all times, off-grid solar systems require battery storage and a backup generator (if you live off-the- grid). On top of this, a battery bank typically needs to be replaced after 10 years. Batteries are complicated, expensive and decrease overall system efficiency.

    Advantages of Off-Grid Solar Systems

    1. No access to the utility grid Off-grid solar systems can be cheaper than extending power lines in certain remote areas.
    Consider off-gird if you’re more than 100 yards from the grid. The costs of overhead transmission lines range from $174,000 per mile (for rural construction) to $11,000,000 per mile (for urban construction).

    2. Become energy self-sufficient

    Living off the grid and being self-sufficient feels good. For some people, this feeling feeling is worth more than saving money. Energy self-sufficiency is also a form of security. Power failures on the utility grid do not affect off-grid solar systems.
    On the flip side, batteries can only store a certain amount of energy, and during cloudy times, being connected to the grid is actually where the security is. You should install a backup generator to be prepared for these kinds of situations.

    Equipment for Off-Grid Solar Systems

    Typical off-grid solar systems require the following extra components:

  • Solar Charge Controller
  • Battery Bank
  • DC Disconnect (additional)
  • Off-Grid Inverter
  • Backup Generator (optional)
  • Solar Charge Controller

    Solar charge controllers are also known as charge regulators or just battery regulators. The last term is probably the best to describe what this device actually does: Solar battery chargers limit the rate of current being delivered to the battery bank and protect the batteries from overcharging. Good charge controllers are crucial for keeping the batteries healthy, which ensures the lifetime of a battery bank is maximized. If you have a battery-based inverter, chances are that the charge controller is integrated.

    Battery Bank

    Without a battery bank (or a generator) it’ll be lights out by sunset. A battery bank is essentially a group of batteries wired together.

    DC Disconnect Switch

    AC and DC safety disconnects are required for all solar systems. For off-grid solar systems, one additional DC disconnect is installed between the battery bank and the off-grid inverter. It is used to switch off the current flowing between these components. This is important for maintenance, troubleshooting and protection against electrical fires.

    Off-Grid Inverter

    There`s no need for an inverter if you`re only setting up solar panels for your boat, your RV, or something else that runs on DC current. You will need an inverter to convert DC to AC for all other electrical appliances. Off-grid inverters do not have to match phase with the utility sine wave as opposed to grid-tie inverters. Electrical current flows from the solar panels through the solar charge controller and the bank battery bank before it is finally converted into AC by the off-grid- inverter.

    Backup Generator

    It takes a lot of money and big batteries to prepare for several consecutive days without the sun shining (or access to the grid). This is where backup generators come in. In most cases, installing a backup generator that runs on diesel is a better choice than investing in an oversized battery bank that seldom gets to operate at it`s full potential. Generators can run on propane,petroleum, gasoline and many other fuel types. Backup generators typically output AC, which can be sent through the inverter for direct use, or it can be converted into DC for battery storage.

    Hybrid Solar Systems

    Hybrid solar systems combines the best from grid-tied and off-grid solar systems. These systems can either be described as off-grid solar with utility backup power, or grid-tied solar with extra battery storage. If you own a grid-tied solar system and drive a vehicle that runs on electricity, you already kind of have a hybrid setup. The electrical vehicle is really just a battery with wheels.

    Advantages of Hybrid Solar Systems

  • 1. Less expensive than off-gird solar systems
  • Hybrid solar systems are less expensive than off-grid solar systems. You don`t really need a backup generator, and the capacity of your battery bank can be downsized. Off-peak electricity from the utility company is cheaper than diesel.

  • 2. Smart solar holds a lot of promise
  • The introduction of hybrid solar systems has opened up for many interesting innovations. New inverterslet homeowners take advantage of changes in the utility electricity rates throughout the day. Solar panels happen to output the most electrical power at noon – not long before the price of electricity peaks. Your home and electrical vehicle can be programmed to consume power during off-peak hours (or from your solar panels). Consequently, you can temporarily store whatever excess electricity your solar panels in batteries, and put it on the utility grid when you are paid the most for every kWh. Smart solar holds a lot of promise. The concept will become increasingly important as we transition towards the smart grid in the coming years.

    Equipment for Hybrid Solar Systems

    Typical hybrid solar systems are based on the following additional components:

  • Charge Controller
  • Battery Bank
  • DC Disconnect (additional)
  • Battery-Based Grid-Tie Inverter
  • Power Meter
  • Battery-Based Grid-Tie Inverter

    Hybrid solar systems utilize batter-based grid-tie inverters. These devices combine can draw electrical power to and from battery banks, as well as synchronize with the utility grid  Right now, for the vast majority of homeowners, tapping the utility grid for electricity and energy storage is significantly cheaper and more practical than using battery banks and/or backup generators